Biodiversity is the variety of all life and natural process on the earth including diversity within species between species and the ecosystems. Biodiversity provides the essential basic services for survival of human being and has values beyond the short term consumption as it is the guarantee for ecosystem functioning. Loss of biodiversity at an unprecedented rate and decline of ecosystem services constitute a concern for human well being. Some of the causes for biodiversity depletion are habitat loss invasive species, pollution, climate change and over exploitation. Monitoring with the help of emerging technologies is suggested as the rapid erosion of biodiversity necessitates the inventorisation characterisation and evaluation of available germplasm at the same time participation of traditional communities has to be ensured.
The book includes integrated interactive information on distribution of biodiversity in various ecosystems, its conservation status, trends of its utilization threats preservation in protected areas and conservation practices prevalent in community including ex situ collections. The book familiarizes the students of life sciences, Botany, Zoology, Foresters, Scientists, Researchers, Academicians, Conservation managers, activists, policy makers on current trends and the latest developments covering various issues and challenges in the field of biodiversity conservation.