CONTENTS:- 1. Introduction. 2. Genetics DNA and plant breeding. 3. Gene stacking. 4. Transformation: a powerful tool of crop improvement. 5. Transgenic of plant hormones. 6. Techniques of plant genetic modification. 7. Genetic engineering of wheat. 8. Sorghum transformation for resistance to fungal pathogens. 9. Legislation covering GM crops and foods. 10. Current and future uses of GM crops in agriculture. 11. Issues that have arisen in GM crop. 12. Safety and politics.
Genetically modified foods are foods derived from genetically modified organisms have had specific changes introduced into their DNA by genetic engineering techniques. The main aim of genetically modified crops is to produce a food that is able to survive even if any harmful chemicals or pesticides or herbicides are sprayed. Other benefit of genetically modified crops is to make food stay fresh for a long time. Some of genetically modified crops and food are corn, tomato, beets, potatoes, sprouts and aldalfa. It involves the insertion or deletion of genes. Gene modification is the process of cisgenesis where genes are artificially transferred between organisms that could be conventionally bred.