CONTENTS:- 1. Early medieval India. 2. Suftan dynasty and state in the Ottoman empire. 3. The guild in modern South Asia. 4. The impact of IBN Taimiyya of South Asia. 5. Medieval in the eyes of the modern. 6. Intimations of modernity in South India. 7. Medieval Indian temple architecture. 8. South Asian history and culture. 9. A brief history of subalternity. 10. Rural development and poverty in South Asia. 11. Decentering South Asian Muslim politics. 12. Medieval art and architecture after the middle ages. 13. Myths and legends about the dark ages.
The history of India begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiens as long as 75,000 years ago or with earlier hominids including Homo erectus from about 500,000 years ago. The Indus Valley Civilization which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE was the first major civilization in India. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture developed in the Mature Harappan period from 2600 to 1900 BCE. This Bronze age civilization collapsed before the end of the second millennium BCE and was followed by the Iron Age Vedic Civilization which extended over much of the Indo-Gangetic plain and which witnessed the rise of major politics known as the Mahajanapadas. In one of these kingdoms Magadha Mahavira and Gautama Buddha were born in the 6th or 5th century BCE and propagated their sramanic philosophies.