The Matsyamahapurana is one of the oldest and considered as the original Purana. Here are four Puranas viz Matsya Purana, Visnu Purana, Vayu Purana and Brahmanda Puranas, these are historically important and are valuable for social history of the country. The Matsya Purana was composed according to Modern scholars in the early centuries of cristion era. It comprises 14000 verses and divided into 291 chapters. It tels us the story of Matsyavatara and Manu. The Manu with the help of this Matsya saved the seeds of all the vegetables and food crops, all the Vedas and the scriptures alongwith saptarshis from Parlaya period. He started creating new creations of human beings. The person who started this way this Purana gives us the full story of creation of the world including mountains, rivers, human beings, creatures and what not the Matsya Purana contains (Teaches) Rajadharman (Politics) in many chapters. It is very important and discusses the role of a king in the preservation of the country, people, property etc. The King should be told enough to control and crush the enemies of the country and of the society. He should protect and nourish the good people and Dharma and the land of the country. In those days the king was the all install in Administration. The enemies of the king also tried to harm him so that he may became the rulers. It gives a very good description of the administration and defense of the country internally and externally.
After this there is a mention of civil and defense officially personally who helped the king in the civil, administrative, legal and for the defense of the country. We find the rules and qualification of good officials, their rights, duties and privileges also. It was a team work in harmony to run the govt. We have a mention of Prince ministers, cabinet ministers, commoners Purohitas e.g. (1) Personally, Ambassadors and defense forces very good detail is found in this Purana and it helps us to know the good administration of that period.