The problem of child labour is a global phenomenon. Its prevalence in any form is a curse and at the same time, it is a socio-economic evil. It has become one of the major problems of not only third world countries but of the entire world. Poverty, caste, tradition, size of the family, labour scarcity, wage rate, ignorance, schooling facilities, etc. are the major factors of occurrence of child labour. Various organizations have joined the campaign to stop the exploitation of child labour and protect their rights. Attempts to eradicate the child labour at international level have also been made. Some European countries have banned the import of goods in preparation of which child labour is being used. Hence, the burgeoning problem of child labour requires appropriate solution as early as possible. There is an urgent need to evolve the most suitable development schemes for the economic development of the parents of children involved in various occupations. Greater amount of public awareness is to be created and effective machinery must be implemented to protect the rights of children and further destruction of this valuable resource. It is the high time for all to be very serious towards it to ensure better social and economic lives to all, at least in the interest of human dignity. The present book consists of twenty-one papers from researchers of different countries of the world. This book will be helpful not only to those who are interested in studying and understanding the child labour but also to the policy-makers, judges, research scholars of different faculties and others in studying the growing problems of child labour.