CONTENTS:- 1. Introduction of comparative sociology. 2. Social research and theorists. 3. Structural functionalism and comparison. 4. Political sociology and social stratification. 5. Sociology of knowledge. 6. Comparative perspective of cultural sociology. 7. Marxist sociology. 8. Social constructionism and comparison. 9. Sociology of education, emotion and environment.
All sociology is implicitly comparative, since social phenomena are invariably held in some way to be typical, representative, or unique, all of which implies appropriate comparison. Emile Durkheim was therefore correct to insist that ‘comparative sociology is not a particular branch of sociology; it is sociology itself, in so far as it ceases to be purely descriptive and aspires to account for facts’ (The Rules of Sociological Method, 1895). Consequently, there is not one comparative method, since all research techniques can be used to facilitate comparison.