Humanity has been toiling hard to conquer pain and death since the dawn of human civilization. Pain occurs in different forms. We are sometimes spiritually pained where as on several occasions we are mentally perturbed and there are occasions when we are physically attacked by pain through various diseases.
Ayurveda considers the mental and physical diseases as two separate specialised subjects. However no line of demarcation have been drawn between the mental and psychological diseases and a flexible psychosomatic approach has been worked out. The present work deals with the theoretical and curative aspect of mental health and diseases. The first part deals the nature of mind in Ayurveda, and controversies regarding the location of mind in human organism. While the second part deals with the personality treatment. It also tells about the ideal human personality in Ayurveda. Different mental diseases, their causes, their line of treatment has also been dealt with in detail in the second part.