The Volume comprises sixteen research papers appeared time to lime in the reputed journals of the country and abroad Jike East and West (Roma), BSR (London), Bukkyogaku Genkyu (Kyoto), SEAR (Varanasi), ICO in Japan (Tokyo), and others, and such collected works as Studies in pali and Buddhism edited by A.K. Narain, Studies in Indian Philosophy edited by N.J. Shah and D. Malavania, Nalanda: Past and Present edited by C.S. Upasak and others. These papers cover different aspects of the developments in the history of Buddhist thought, early Buddhist literature (Nikayas and Chinese Aga'mas), Vinaya rules. Nalanda and its Ancient University and its contribution in fostering relation with China and Tibet, and of Xuan-zhuang and his Works. These shed light on important problems discussed therein on the basis of materials collected directly from Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit and Chinese scriptures and of course, the works of modern scholars.