This volume is based on the proceedings of the First Global Summit on Sustainable Development and Biodiversity (Gloss 2008), organized during 7-9, February 2009 at Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. The Objectives of this Global Summit were to bring together academics, administrators, policymakers, corporate executives and social activists on a Common platform to initiate meaningful dialogue relating to Sustainable Biodiversity Conservation, Climate Change and Global Warming, Environmental Governance and Sustainable Development. A very important objective of this Summit was to identify a mechanism for implementa-tion of the resolutions of Millennium Development Goals (MDG's). The issues of climate change and global warming are numerous and complex which caused catastrophic damages in environment. The undesirable effect of various anthropogenic activities, urbaniza-tion, poaching, deforestation and illegal trade have damaged the ecosystem. The rapid development process along with loss of biodiversity leads to tremendous effect worldwide. Due to massive development in different sectors, many of the important plant and wild species are in danger. Every day, the hazards and disasters caused by climate change have threatened human survival on this planet. These threats vary from droughts to flooding and extreme monsoons, to the melting of glaciers. The global hydrological cycle is one of the primary systems that is most detrimentally affected by these changes and seriously unbalanced. This threatens the future of all of earth's ecological systems along with humanity. These threats have promoted greater awareness and global interest in sustainable development, which has led to many questions concerning how this can feasibly be achieved. There is an urgent need for initiating an integrated solution involving both governments and grassroot communities.
It is observed that cardinal changes typical of the opening economy during transition from the planned and closed system to the free market open economy, cause social and psychological tension in society and make a powerful impact on the surrounding environment. This transformation changes the whole system. This transformation is based on privatization and on inclusion of the closed economic system into the global economic system. The processes of inclusion of national economics into the global economy with regard to the sustainable development, and the impact of such processes on the environment and biodiversity have been critically discussed. The climate change and human activities pose serious threat of degradation to ecosystem and habitats and species extinction on the earth. Assessment of the impact of climate change on the biodiversity, ecosystem and their components becomes increasingly complicated. Because, the anthropogenic impact on all ecosystems and spheres, especially where exploitation of natural resources -protected areas, sanctuaries, forests, is intensive.
This volume covers different dimentions of climate change scientifically examined by renouned scientists of the world. This volume can be utilised as resource document on climate change and biodiversity conservation by policymakers, environmentalists, researchers and corporate actors.