The commitment of the South Asian states to social security is limited only to rhetoric. In view of the extreme poverty and weak socio-political structure of the South Asian states, social security is an imperative. How ever, due to the non democratic nature of the governments, the absence of people’s participation in decision making and lack of education, security schemes have neither had much impact nor brought any change in poverty. It is also recognized that despite all the major global and regional initiatives the problem of trafficking has not decreased. The human rights of the survivors of trafficking have been violated in many ways. Therefore, national laws must be formulated in accordance with international and regional conventions so that treaties & conventions of human rights can be implemented.