War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa
Goldstein, Joshua S.
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Book ID : 3451
ISBN-10 : 0-521-80716-6 / 0521807166
ISBN-13 : 978-0-521-80716-6 / 9780521807166
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Language : English
CONTENTS:- 1. A puzzle: the cross-cultural consistency of gender roles in war. 2. Women warriors: the historical record of female combatants. 3. Bodies: the biology of individual gender. 4. Groups: bonding hierarchy and social identity. 5. Heroes: the making of militarized masculinity. 6. Conquests: sex rape and exploitation in wartime. 7. Reflections: the mutuality of gender and war.
Gender roles are nowhere more prominent than in war. Yet contentious debates and the scattering of scholarship across academic disciplines have obscured understanding of how gender affects war and vice versa. In this authoritative and lively review of our state of knowledge Joshua Goldstein assesses the possible explanations for the near-total exclusion of women from combat forces through history and across cultures. Topics covered include the history of women who did fight and fought well the complex role of testosterone in men's social behaviours and the construction of masculinity and femininity in the shadow of war. Goldstein concludes that killing in war does not come naturally for either gender and that gender norms often shape men women and children to the needs of the war system. lllustrated with photographs drawings and graphics and drawing from scholarship spanning six academic disciplines this book provides a unique study of a fascinating issue.