This book is a compilation of papers presented at a conference on 'Vedic River Sarasvati and Hindu Civilization', held at India International Centre, New Delhi. Participants included scholars from many disciplines including ancient Indian history, archaeology, space imaging, hydrology, meteorology, glaciology, seismology, ice-age geodynamics, sea-level changes, metallurgy and other earth and life sciences. The conference explores the validation of a consensus that the ancient civilization that emerged and prospered on the banks of Vedic River Sarasvati is the precursor to the civilization that is known and exists today as Hindu civilization, establising a continuum of human society and achievement. As a result of archaeological explorations since 1947, it became clear that over 80% of about 2600 archaeological sites were not on the banks of river Sindhu but on the banks of Vedic River Sarasvati mentioned in Rigveda in 72 ricas. Underscoring the indigenous evolutiion of Hindu civilization on this river basin, theories propounded earlier about Aryan invasions / migrations stand negated. Projects are ongoing to revive the river which provides an impetus for establishing a National Water Grid.