Fungi are a kingdom of eukaryotic organism. The fungi are heterotrophic organisms characterised by a chintinous cell wall and majority of species, filamentous growth as multicellular hyphae forming a mycelium; while some fungal species grow as single cell. Sexual and asexual reproduction is via pores, often produced on specialised structures or in fruiting bodies. For example, yeasts, moulds and mushrooms are fungi. Fungi are found all over the world, and grow in a wide range of habitats, including desert. Most fungi grow in terrestrial environments, but several species occur only in aquatic habitats. Fungi along with bacteria are the primary decomposers of organic matter in almost all terrestrial ecosystems, worldwide. This eminent work covers all perfect and realistic features of fungi in an interesting manner. This work is bound to create new waves in the discipline.