This encyclopaedia has been compiled and edited to incorporate the concepts borrowed from the numerous branches of Physics like mechanics (Properties of Matter), Thermal physics (Heat and Thermodynamics), light and sound (Waves and Oscillations), Electricity and magnetism, electrostatics, modern physics, nuclear physics, quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, spectroscopy, solid state physics, Biophysics, environmental physics and other related fields. In this encyclopaedia, the concepts have been somewhat encyclopaedic and described with well defined illustrations and analytically mathematic expressions. The concepts have been described in a lucid style with necessary cross-reference system has been maintained to make the reader to understand each concept in a broader scientific contact. The information contained in this text is gleaned from internationally recognised resources. The presentation is marked by a style displaying maturity of writing and bristling with the lucidity and simplicity of the language used by the editor.