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The Brhad-Devata attributed to Saunaka: A Summary of the Deities and Myths of the Rgveda (English Translation with Sanskrit Text) / Macdonell, A.A.
The Brhad-Devata attributed to Saunaka: A Summary of the Deities and Myths of the Rgveda (English Translation with Sanskrit Text)
Macdonell, A.A.
List Price : US$ 54.48
Our Price : US$ 43.58

  Book ID : 31013
  ISBN-10 : 81-88808-23-7 / 8188808237
  ISBN-13 : 978-81-88808-23-5 / 9788188808235
  Place of Publication : Delhi
  Year of Publication : 2006
  Edition : (First Edition)
  Language : Sanskrit & English
  Critically edited in the original Sanskrit with an introduction and seven appendices and translated into English with critical and illustrative notes; xlvii, 582p., Abb., App., 23 cm.



Adhyaya I :
1. Importance of Knowing the Deities. The Vedic Triad
2. Prayer and Praise
3. Different Kinds of hymns
4. Hymn Deities, Stanza Deities, Incidental Deities
5. Origin of Names
6. Saunaka's View : All Names Derived from Action
7. Auspicious Names. Different Kinds of Formulas
8. Different Kinds of Formulas and Modes of Expression
9. Definition of Noun and Verb
10-12. Examples of Different Kinds of Formulas
13. The Sun and Prajapati as The Source of All
14. The Three forms of Agni
15. The Triad and the Atman. Three forms of Vac
16. The Chief Deity of a Hymn
17. Names of Deities Enumerated
18. Characteristics of Hymns to Agni, Indra-Vayu, and Surya
19. The Three Agnis
20. Agni, Jatavedas, Vaisvanara : Essentially Indentical, but Distinguished
21. The Deities of the three Worlds in the Descending Series
22. 23. The Deities Representing Terrestrial Agni
24. Other Deities Associated with Agni
25. The Groups of Deities of the Middle Sphere Belonging to Indra
26. Deities and Deified Objects Belonging to Indra's Sphere

1. Deities of Indra's Sphere
2. Deities of Surya's Sphere : His Three Wives
3. Deities of Surya's Sphere (concluded)
4. Surya and VaisvSnara, a from of Agni
5. Five Names of Agni. Derivation of Agni, Dravinodas, Tanunapat
6. Narasamsa, Pavamana, Jatavedas
7. The twenty-six Names of Indra : Vayu, Varuna, Rudra, Indra (1-4)
8. Parjanya, Brhaspati, Brahmanaspati, Ksetrasyapati, Rta (5-9)
9. Vastospati, Vacaspati, Aditi, Ka, Yama (10-14)
10. Mitra, Visvakarman, Sarasvat, Vena, Manyu (15-19)
11. Asumti, Aparn Napat, Dadhikra, Dhatr, Tarksya (20-24)
12. Pururavas (25), Mrtyu (26). The Seven Names of the Sun : Savitr (1), Bhaga (2)
13. Pusan, Visnu, Kesin, Visvanara, Vrsakapi (3-7)
14. Derivation of Visnu. The incidental Names of the Deities Cannot be Enumerated
15. Threefold Vac. Her four Celestial forms
16. Other Middle forms of Vac. Her four Celestial Forms
17. Names of Female Seers : Three Groups
18. Deity in Self-Laudations and Colloquies (87, 88)

I. Grammatical Section (89-121) :
19. Different Kinds of Particles (89-93)
20. Particles (Concluded). Prepositions. Genders
21. Nouns. Pronouns. Importance of Meaning. Rules for Construing
22. Analysis of words. Six Kinds of Compounds
23. Meaning and Analysis of Words
24. Yaska's Wrong Explanations. Dropping of Letters
25. Word and Sense. The Verb Expresses a from of Becoming. Definition of bhavavrttam. Six froms of Becoming (Bhava)
26. The Deities of the Vyahrtis and of Om

II. The Deities of the Rgveda :
27. The First three Hymns. Authors of Vaisvadeva Hymns
28. Character of Vaisvadeva Hymns
29. Passages of the Rgveda addressed to Sarasvati. Indra Hymns
30. Indra Associated with the Maruts in RV. i. 6105
31. The Deities of RV. i. 12 and of the Apri Hymn i. 13 .107
32. The Eleven Apri hymns
33. Tanunapat and Narasamsa. The Deities of the Apri Hymns (ii. 157-iii. 30). Idhma a form Agni

I. Deities of Rgveda i. 13-126 :
1. Tanunapat. Narasamsa. Ila. Barhis
2. The Divine Doors. Night and Morning
3. The Two Divine Sacrificers. The Three Goddesses. Tvastr
4. The Celestial Tvastr. Story of Dadhyanc and the Mead
5. The Horse's Head of Dadhyanc. The Middle Tvastr
6. Vanaspati. The Svahakrtis
7. Tanunapat and Narasamsa in Apri Hymns. Deities of RV. i. 14 and 15
8. Hymn to the Seasons : RV. i. 15
9. Three Kinds of Vaisvadeva Hymns
10. How To Ascertain the Deity of a Hymn
11, 12. Hymn-Owning and Incidental Deities. Seers of Vaisvadeva Hymns
13. Explanation of Dravinodas. Deities of RV. i. 16-18
14. Deities of RV. i. 18. Eight Names of Prajapati (69-74)
15. Prajapati's Names (Continued). Deities of RV. i. 19
16. How to Ascertain the Deity of a Stanza, Etc
17. Story of the Rbhus and Tvastr
18. Deities of RV. i. 20-22
19. RV. i. 22 (Concluded). RV. i. 23 : Pusan Aghrni
20. Deities of RV. i. 24-30
21. Deities of RV. i. 31-40
22. Deities of RV. i. 41-47
23. RV. i. 48-60. Story of Savya. The Satarcins
24. RV. i. 61-73. The Eleven Sauparna Khilas. RV. i. 74-89
25. RV. i. 90-93 The Order (According to the Baskalas) of Hymn-Groups in Mandala i. 74-164
26. RV. i. 94-111. Seers of hymns with Refrains. The thousand Jatavedas hymns of Kasyapa
27. RV. i. 105. Story of Trita
28. Deities of RV. i. 112-121
29, 30. Story of Kaksfvat and Svanaya
31. Gifts of Kings. Danastutis. Narasamsi Stanzas. Opinions Regarding RV. i. 126. 6,7

I. Deities of RV. i. 127-iv. 32 :
1. Story of Romasa and Indra. RV. i. 127-136. Praise in the Dual
2. Distributed Praise. RV. i. 137-139. Vaisvadeva hymns
3. Story of the Birth of Dirghatamas
4. Hymns Revealed to Dirghatamas : RV. i. 140-156185
5. Story of Dirghatamas (Continued). 187
6. Deities of RV. i. 157-164. The three Agnis. The year
7. Deities of RV. i. 164. The Three Agnis. The Year
8. Accound of the Contents of RV. i. 164 (Continued)
9. RV. i. 164 (Concluded). RV. i. 165 : Indra and the Maruts
10. Indra, the Maruts. and Agastya : RV. i. 169, 170
11. RV. i. 171-178. Agastya and Lopamudra : RV. i. 179
12. Story of Agastya and Lopamudra (concluded) : RV. i. 180-191

II. Mandala II :
13-15. Deities of RV. ii. 1-12Story of Grtsamada, Indra, and the Daityas
16. Deities of RV. ii. 23-30
17. Deities of RV. ii. 31-35
18. Deities of RV. ii. 36-43. Indra as a Kapinjala

III. Mandala III :
19. The Seer Visvamitra. Deities of RV. iii. 1-6216
20. Deities of RV. iii. 7-29
21. Deities of RV. iii. 30-33
22. RV. iii.31 : an Adoptive Daughter. Visvamitra and Sakti
23. Visvamilra and Vac Sasarpari. Spells Against the Vasisthas
24. Deities of RV. iii. 54-60
25. Deities of RV. iii. 61, 62

IV. Mandala IV :
26. Deities of RV. iv. 1-15
27, 28. RV. iv. 18-30. Indra's Birth and fight with Vamadeva
29. The Steeds of the Various Gods

I. Deities of RV. iv. 33-vii. 49 :
1, 2. Deities of RV. iv. 33-58

II. Mandala V :
3. Deities of RV. 1-28. Story of Tryaruna and Vrsa Jana
4. Story of Tryaruna (concluded)
5. References to RV. v. 2. 2, 9 in Other Works. Deities of RV. v. 29-40
6. Atri's Danastuti
7. Rnaficaya's Gifts of Babhru, Deities of RV. v. 41-51
8. Detailes Account RV. V. 41-43
9. Deities of RV. v. 43 (Continued), 44, 45
10. Deities of RV V. 51-60
11-15. Story of Syavasva
16. RV. v. 73-78. Story of Saptavadhri
17. Deities of RV. 79-87. The Srisuktam and Six Other Khilas
18. The Khilas of Prajavat and Jivaputra. Employments of Formulas
19. Story of the Birth of Bhrgu, Aiigiras, and Atri

III. Mandala VI :
20. Origin of Bharadvaja. Deities of RV. vi. 1-46
21. Deities of RV. vi. 37, 44, 45, 47
22. Deities of RV. vi. 47 (Continued) and vi. 48
23. Deities of RV. vi. 49-62
24. Deities of RV. 63-74. The Seven Treasures
25. RV. vi. 75. Story of Abhyavartin and Prastoka Sarnjaya
26. Deities of RV. vi. 75 in Detail
27. Detailed Account of RV. vi. 75 (Continued)
28. Story of Cayamana and Prastoka (Concluded)

IV. Mandala VII :
29. Pedigree of Vasistha. Kasyapa's Wives
30. Story of Mitra-Varuna and Urvasi
31. Birth of Agastya and Vasistha
32. Vasistha and his Descendants. Deities of RV. vii. 1-32
33. Deities of RV. vii. 33-38
34. Deities of RV. vii. 38-43
35. Deities of RV. vii. 44-49

I. Deities of RV. vii. 50-x. 17 :
1. Deities of RV. vii. 50-66
2. Deities of RV. vii. 66-85
3. Vasistha and the Dog of Varuna : RV. vii. 86-89
4. Deities of RV. vii. 90-96
5. Story of Nahu. sa and Sarasvati : RV. vii. 95, 96
6. Deities of RV. vii. 97-104
7. Detailed account of RV. vii. 104
8. Story of Kanva and Pragatha
9. Deities of RV. viii. 1-21
10. Deities of RV. viii. 5-18
11. RV. viii. 19 : Praise of Trasadasyu's Gifts
12. The boons Chosen by the Seer. Story of Sobhari and Citra
13. Story of Sobhari and Citra (Continued) : RV. viii. 22-25
14. Deities of RV. viii. 26-31. RV. vii. 29 is a Prthak-karma-stuti
15. Detailed Account of RV. viii. 29, 31. Deities of RV viii 32-34
16. Indra and Vyamsa's Sister. Deities of RV. viii. 35-46
17. Deities of RV. viii. 47-56
18. Deities of RV. viii. 60-67
19. Deities of RV. viii. 68-75
20. Deities of RV. viii. 76-90
21. Story of Apala
22. Stoty of Apala (Concluded). Deities of RV. viii. 92, 93
23, 24. Story of Soma's flight from the Gods
25. Details Regarding RV. viii. 100. Visnu Helps Indra
26. Details Regarding the Deities of RV. viii. 101

II. Mandala IX :
27. Deities of RV. ix. 1-86
28. Deities of RV. ix. 87, 96, 112
29. Indra and the Seers. Value of Penace

III. Mandala X :
30. Deities of RV. x. 1-8. Tri Siras and Indra 356
31. Deities of RV. x. 9-14
32. Deities of RV. x. 14 (concluded), 15, 16. Three Agnis
33. Story of Saranyu : RV. x. 17

I. Deities of RV. x. 17-98 :
1. Story of Saranyu (Continued)
2. Story of Saranyu (Concluded). Deities of RV. x. 17
3. Detailed account of the Funeral Humn RV. x. 18
4. Formulas in which No Deity is Mentioned
5. Deities of RV. x. 19-27
6. RV. x. 27 (Continued). RV. x. 28 : Dialogue of Indra and Vasukra
7. Deities of RV. x. 30-33
8. The Hymn of Dice : RV. x. 34. Deities of RV. x. 35-44
9. Deities of RV. x. 45, 46 Story of Ghosa
10. Story of Ghosa (Concluded)
11, 12. Story of Indra Vaikuntha
13. Story of Indra Vaikuntha (Concluded). Story of Agni and his Brothers : RV. x. 51-53
14. Story of Agni's Flight (Continued)
15. The Meaning of Panca Janah
16. Story of Agni's flight (Continued)
17. Story of Agni's flight (Concluded). RV. x. 54-57
18, 19. Story of Subandhu
20. Detailed account of RV. x. 59, 60
21. Story of Subandhu (Concluded). Deities of RV. x. 67-66
22. Details of RV. x. 63-66. Deities of RV. x. 67-72
23. Detailed Account of RV. x. 71
24. Details of RV. x. 72-84. Two Khilas
25. The Surya Hymn : RV. x. 85. Three forms of Usas
26. Account of the Surya Hymn (Continued)
27. Derivation of Candramas. Contents of RV. x. 85. 20-30
28. Contents of RV. x. 85. 31-43
29. Remarks of the Surya Hymn (Concluded)
30. Deities of RV. x. 89-93. Story of Pururavas and Urvasi
31. Story of Pururavas and Urvasi (Concluded)
32. Deities of RV. x. 96, 97. Story of Devapi : RV. x. 98

I. Deities of RV. x. 98-191 (1-98). Conclusion (99-140) :
1. Story of Devapi (Continued)
2. Story of Devapi (Concluding). Deities of RV. x. 99-101
3. Deities of RV. x. 102, 103. The Khila of Nakula
4. Deities of RV. x. 104, 105. Bhutamsa Kasyapa: RV. x. 166
5. RV. x. 107. Story of Sarama and the Panis : RV. x. 108
6, 7. Story of Sarama and the Panis
8. Deities of RV. x. 109-120
9. Deities of RV. x. 121-129. Three Khilas (Namax Te; Yam Kalpayanti No'rayah; Ayusyam)
10. Deities of RV. x. 130-137
11. The Khila 'Bhumih.' The Deities of RV. x. 138-142
12. Deities of RV. x. 143-154. Two Khilas (Medhasuktam and a Sur Etu)
13. Deities of RV. x. 155-159
14. Deities of RV. x. 160-164. Khila (Vends Tat Pasyat). The Seer Kapota Nairrta
15. Deities of RV. x. 165-174. Khila (Yenedam)
16. Deities of RV. x. 175-181
17. Deities of RV. x. 182-184. Khilla (nejamesa)
18. Remarks on the Khila 'Nejamesa.' Deities of RV. x. 185-188
19. Deities of RV. x. 189, 190. The Khila 'Samjnanam'
20. RV. X. 191. The Two Khilas 'Pradhvaranam,' 'Nairhastyam.' Mahanamni Stanzas
21. The Mahanamnis Do Not Constitute a Hymn. Remarks on the Praisas, Kuiapa, Etc
22. Deities of Nivids, Nigadas, the Metres
23. Deities of Metres, Vedas, Vasatkara. Svahakrtis. The (Svaras) Tones
24. Deities of the Tones
25. Deities of the Prastava, Udgitha, Upadrava, Pratihara, Nidhana
26. Various Deities Incidental in Vaisvadeva Hymns
27. Remarks about Deities and Knowledge of the
28. Importance of Knowing the Deites

List of Appendix
I. Index of Vedic Pratikas Cited in the Brhaddevata
II. Index of Authorities Ciled in the Brhaddevata
III. Index of the Deities of the Rgveda according to the Brhaddevata
IV. List of Stories Related in the Brhaddevata
V. List of Passages from the Brhaddevta Cited in other works
VI. Relation of the Brhaddevata to other Texts
VII. Index of Sanskrit words and Names.


Vedas are the Most authoritative texts of Hindus. Among the Secondary works of Vedic literature, the Brhaddevata has always attracted Considerable Share of interest on the Part of Vedic Scholars. The text of Brhaddevata bears an intimate Relation to that of the Naighantuka, the Nirukta, the Sarvanukramari, the Arsanukra-mani, the Anuvakanukramani, and the Rgvidhana. owing to the very Nature of the work its Connection with the text of the Rgveda is Necessarily very Close; the Maitrayani Samhila, the Kausitaki and the Aitareya Brahmanas occasionally throw light on it; and Several of its legends are historically linked with those of the Mahabharata.

Brihaddevata, a work by Katyayana, Can be Placed later than 400 B.C. The Shlokas have undoubtedly been added here and there and Some Modifications of Diction have Probably Crept in, the authenticity of the text as a whole is better Guaranteed than that of Perhaps any other ancillary Vedic work. It Comprehensively Deals with the Deities of the Rgveda.

The Present work is an important Edition Since it Carries the text with translation with Critical and illustrative Notes. List of Detailed appendices has Certainly added to the worth of the work.




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