This book covers the period from 1947 to 1966. This period was an important one in the life history of Punjab because the Congress had to face resistance from the Akali Party, though the former was the ruling party. How did congress make her base in the rural punjab; how did it moblise public opinion against the akalis and also against the on going agitation for the Punjabi Suba are the major issues which are discussed thotoughly and critically. Relation of the Congress with other political parties has been analytically examined. The beauty of this work lies in the fact that it is based on primary source material which have not been so far explored. There is relevance of this work in the present political scenario in the country.