Geography is the scientific study of the locational and spatial variation in both physical and human phenomena on earth. Geography is much more than cartography, the study of maps. It not only investigates what is where on the earth, but also why it's there and not somewhere else, sometimes referred to as 'Location in space'. It studies this whether the cause is natural or human. It also studies the consequences of those differences. The present publication is an encyclopaedic work on geography including all areas of the vast subject. Designed for students, teachers, researchers and administrators, it seeks to introduce its users to the scope and excitement of geography and its relevance to their daily lives and roles as informed citizens. Written in lucid style using limpid prose, it aims to convey the readers concisely and clearly the nature of the field, its intellectual challenges, and the logical interconnections of its parts. It will enable students to understand the richness and breadth of the discipline and have at their command new insights and understanding for their present and future roles as informed adults.