The underdeveloped and the developing countries are living through the age of man's evoluation simultaneously. The tribal communities in the inaccessible regions continue to life in-struggling against the elements of nature and depending upon its bounty. The vast majority of such people are members of village communities whose economic base is agriculture, who are now being exposed to new socio-economic forces with higher valuation for greater consumption, competitive spirit and faster development. Development plans are the instruments at hand for achieving such goals. But a society does not and cannot make a purposive advance in a situation of unquestioned acceptance of the secular process as inevitable and the unconditional surrender of the planners and the intellectuals alike to the supposed historical process. Gandhian approach to the development planning becomes relevant.