Two important facets of federalism, i.e. federalism as a political arrangement and federalism as a source that releases certain political forces that affect their functioning define the central theme of the book. The character of federalism cannot be explained in purely political terms. It is necessary therefore to cast the net wider in order to apprehend the true character of federalism. Political forces themselves are the product of socio-cultural composition of the population, economic structure and the constitutional expressions of intention-populi. The book reflect this perspective and explore a character federalism in the context of inter-action of these large factors and trace the variegated impact of this inter-action on functioning of federalism.