CONTENTS:- Preface; 1. Elementary Education in India; 2. Constitutional Provisions for Universalisation of Elementary Education; 3. Expansion of Elementary Education; 4. National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986; 5. Early Childhood Care and Education; 6. Micro-planning in Education; 7. Institutional Planning; 8. Educational Planning at the District Level; 9. Curriculum of Elementary Level; 10. Meaning and Significance of Minimum Level of Learning; 11. Child-centred Teaching-Learning Process; 12. Multi-grade and Multi-level Teaching-learning Process; 13. Programme of Mass Orientation of School Teachers (PMOST); 14. Operation Blackboard (OB); 15. Special Orientation Programme of School Teachers (SOPT); 16. District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) Concept; 17. Strategies for Universal Access, Relation, quality of Elementary Education; 18. Education for All; 19. Alternative Schooling; 20. District Institute of Education and Training; 21. Pre-service Teacher Education in DIET for Adult and Non-formal Education;
Elementary Education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. In most countries, it is compulsory for children to receive primary education though in many jurisdictions it is permissible for parents to provide it. The major goals of elementary education are achieving basic literacy and numeracy amongst all their students, as well as establishing foundations in science, geography, history and other social sciences. In India, since independence, the central and state governments have been expanding the provision of primary formal and non-formal education to realize the goal of Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE). Several central and state level initiatives have been in operation from the early 1980s. The current status of primary education in India is well reviewed in the present volume. The constitutions provisions, planning, policy framework and various initiatives for elementary education are discussed in detail. Conceptualized and written in a lucid and readable style, this book will be an essential reading tool for educationists, policy makers and teachers.