It is widely felt that proper legislative measure enacted and implemented in time, can save the earth from environmental disaster. The need for environmental protection in an area, which has been at the forefront of the social concern during last three decades globally. What is needed is balance between development and environment. An integration of the environment and development is required at the policy planning and management level. The problems of environmental degradation are addressed and emphasis on the need of legal instrument to protect the same has been attempted. The important judicial pronouncement have also been added besides role of people’as participation. Important constitutional provisions relating to protection and improvement of the environment have been discussed in detail and the various aspects of environment have been narrated at length. The book integrates the various aspects of environmental pollution control to tackle environment problems for achieving sustainable development. The relevant conference, summit, rules and acts are also included in appendices.