The Satavahanas (Ca. 2nd cent. BC-2nd cent. AD) were one of the Empire builders in Ancient India. Their rule extended almost over the entire Region South of the Vindhyas and their reign Is marked by considerable Peace and prosperity, which was due to the flourishing trade with the Roman empire. The Artistic Creations of the Satavahana era are among the grandest in India, comparable in their monumental quality to such imposing buildings as the Khajuraho and Chola temples. They are unsurpassed in early India and many of them are still standing in their pristine glory. Yet the Satavahana Art is not treated as an independent school. The present Study is aimed at delineating the characteristic features more particularly of its regional varieties such as Western India, Central India and the Southern Deccan.
The Satavahana art includes such imposing edifices as the early Buddhist rock-cut caves of Western India, the Gateways at Sanchi and the sculpture of the Mahastupa at Amaravati, the magnificent paintings in the Hinayana group at Ajanta, besides beautiful terracottas, bronzes and ivories. They constitute a link between the Maurya-Sunga art of the earlier period and the later that of the Golden Age of the Guptas.