CONTENTS:- Vol.1: I. General: 1. History and background. II. Gene manipulation: 2. Molecular manipulation. 3. DNA and gene. 4. Gene amplification. 5. Gene cloning. 6. Antibodies and hybridomes. III. Significance for animals: 7. Cell and tissue culture. 8. Mapping of genomes. 9. Fertilization and transfer. 10. Immunotechnology. IV. Significance for plants: 11. Cell and tissue culture. 12. Protoplast culture. 13. Mapping of genomes. 14. Production of transgenic plants. 15. Methods of gene transfer. Vol.2: I. Microbial technology: 1. Sources of energy. 2. Metabolic engineering. 3. Process of fermentation. II. Health and environment: 4. Public health engineering. 5. Environment. 6. Restoration of arid lands. 7. Nitrogen fixation. III. Role in industry and agriculture: 8. Metals and mining. 9. Microbial use in industry and agriculture. 10. Food production. 11. Uses of enzymes. 12. Utilization in medicines. 13. Protein engineering and drug designing. IV. Latest developments: 14. Spotlights. 15. Cell culture. 16. Intellectual property. 17. International market.
Biotechnology is nothing new. In fact, it has been part of nature and life since ancient times. For instance preservation of food in dry form and making of sauce, vinegar, curd and wine are all results of a biotechnological exercise. In India in particular, Ayurveda has always utilised biotechnological techniques, in preparation of drugs and medicines. Later, it developed through medieval times to greater heights in Arab, Spain and India and later on in Europe also. In modern times, biotechnology has acquired a new role to play as our present day life style largely depends on it. This study deals with biotechnology, as a discipline. It covers all aspects of the subject, in view of making it beneficial for scholars and students alike.