This book examines the relevance of Prof. M.N. Srinivas's concept of a dominant caste with reference to the Lingayat Community. While Prof. M.N. Srinivas applied his concept of a dominant caste at a micro level (village level - Rampura), the present study has applied it at a macro level (state level). The basic elements of the dominant caste like numerical strength, economic power, Political power, education, higher social status and respectable occupation as listed by Prof. M.N. Srinivas are also valid with regard to the Lingayat community at the macro level. However, the study has found ten new secondary/supportive elements of dominance with regard to the Lingayat Community.