Rabindranath Tagore's Concepts of State, Nation and Nationalism
Mukherjee, K.N. (Dr.)
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Book ID : 16587
ISBN-10 : 81-86791-36-1 / 8186791361
ISBN-13 : 978-81-86791-36-1 / 9788186791361
of Publication :
of Publication :
Edition : (First Edition)
Language : English
x, 324p., Abb., Bib., Index, 25 cm.
CONTENTS:- 1. Introductory; 2. Tagore's Concepts of state and society; 3. Tagore's Concepts of Governament; 4. Tagore's Concept of Nationalism and Internationalism; 5. Tagore's Concept of Imprialism and War; 6. Conclusion.
The present work analyses Rabindernath Tagore's concepts of State Nation and Nationalism. The study highlights most precisely the various influences on Tagore which shaped his outlook and philosophy. An elaborate analysis has been made to extricate Tagore's concept of state and society and his preference to society over state which makes him out an individualist and not an anarchist. So far the forms of government are concerned the poet critisied in unequivocal terms authoritarianism and totalitarianism especially Nazim and Fascism for its ruinous creed. However, he commended the Soviet regime under the dictatorship of the proletariat which led the country to the path of progress and prosperity. Of all the other forms of government Tagore preferred democracy yet he wanted that it should be run by the elites. He exposed the evel if the British rule in India. Tagore's concept of nation and nationalism assert that he was the great critique of nationalism. He was a champion of the people and not of the nation. So he wanted to guard against the fetish of the nation and nationalism. Nationalism on his opinion, is the organised gregariousness and mechanical gluttony and he clamoured the barbaric manifestations of imperialistic arrogance and racial chauvinism. He was against Machiavellian statecraft in all its forms. War, according to Tagore, is due to aggressive nationalism, arms race, glorification of power and such other national vanity. He critised the first and the second world wars. The suggestion and the prescription of the poet of tackling social and political problems still hold good.