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Visnudharmottara Purana: Translated into English from Original Sanskrit Text; 3 Volumes / Shah, Priyabala (Dr.)
Visnudharmottara Purana: Translated into English from Original Sanskrit Text; 3 Volumes
Shah, Priyabala (Dr.)
List Price : US$ 77.44
Our Price : US$ 61.95

  Book ID : 12295
  ISBN-10 : 81-7110-171-2 / 8171101712
  ISBN-13 : 978-81-7110-171-9 / 9788171101719
  Place of Publication : Delhi
  Year of Publication : 2005
  Edition : (Reprint)
  Language : English
  xxv+554p., xvi+528p., iv+299p., 23 cm. (First Edition pub. in 2002) (Parimal Sanskrit Series No. 51)


1. The Vishnudharmottara
2. The Vishnudharmottara, Vishnupurana and Vishnudharma.
3. The provenance of the Vishnudharmottara.
4. Age of Vishnudharmottara.
5. Authorship
Text Chapter
1. Katha Prastavana.
2. Hiranya Garbha or Golden Egg.
3. The coming up of the Varaha Avatara.
4. Patal Varnana.
5. The description of the Lokas
6. Dwipa- Vibhaga Varnanam
7. Jamboo Dwipa Varnanam
8. Bharata Varsha Varnanam
9. Janapada Varnanam
10. The description of rivers springing from seven mountains
11. The description of the rivers of Himavana
12. The description of Koshal
13. Description of Ayodhya
14. Dynasty of Ikshvaku
15. The death of Madhu and Kaitabha
16. The Slaughter of Dhundhu
17. The episode of Sagara
18. The Sub-story of the Sagaras
19. The Descendant of river Ganga
20. The narration of the Janhu's daughter
21. The incidence of Trivikram
22. The perversion of Ganga
23. An episode of Sahasrarjuna
24. The Killing of Vrtrasura
25. The episode of Dattatreya
26. The departure of the earth to Indraloka
27. Going to Brahmaloka
28. Hara Darshan
29. Chandra Mandala Darshan
30. Aditya Darshan
31. The Forest Conflagration
32. The creation of Vadvagni
33. The exchange of Rice Pots
34. Giving the boon to Kushika
35. The Birth of Rama
36. The order of Maheshwara to Rama
37. Calamity
38. The dialogue between Shukra and Salva
39. Dream
40. The existence of Laxmi
41. Amrta-Manthan
42. The Distribution of nectar
43. The description of the battle between gods and demons
44. The words of Salva
45. The marching of Salva
46. The bad omens by the army of Salva
47. The Sight of Bhargava Rama in the battle
48. The killing of the army of Salva
49. The killing of Salva
50. Giving of Missiles
51. The question of Rama in Shankar-Gita
52. The instruction for Mediation
53. The Killing of Hiranyaksha
54. The Advent of Nrsimha Incarnation
55. The Advent of Vamana
56. The Description of divine power
57. The result of devotion
58. The Characteristics of Devotion
59. The result of worshipping
60. The rite of fasting
61. The time of approaching in Shankara-Gita
62. Bringing the things for offering to the god
63. The procedure for the time of Sacrifice
64. Telling the time of self-study
65. The completion of Shankara-Gita
66. The orders of Shankara to Rama
67. The advent of Vishnu's bow
68. The sight of the stone-city by Rama
69. Seeing Varuna etc.
70. The Killing of Ayah-Shanku
71. The prayer of Parashuram to Varuna
72. The description of the month of the Sun etc.
73. The description of the number of time
74. The description of the end of a Yuga
75. Description of Manvantar
76. The description of the end of a Kalpa
77. The description of Mahakalpa
78. The narration of the dignity of the child
79. The Episode of Lotus navelled God Vishnu
80. Description of passed time
81. The similarities of Kalpas
82. The narration of the result of years
83. The description of exalted account of deities
84. The description of Six Lagna
85. Description regarding auspicious and unauspicious knowledge
86. The description of damage to every territory
87. Auspicious and unauspicious effects of every human being
88 Instructions about the circular orb for planets and constellations
89. Bath regarding to a particular constellation
90. Planets and Constellations
91. The method of baths for planets and constellations
92. The methods to be performed for all Sacrificial fire
93. The method of worshiping planets and constellations
94. The arrangement of a circular orb
95. The Vehicles and Chants of Planets and Constellations
96. Narration of anointing
97. Offering of particular flowers to planets and constellatins
98. The perfumed vapour and light offering for planets and constellations
99. The proper and improper method of offering oblations to planets and constellations
100. Just and unjust drink for every planet as well as constellation
101. Division of sacrificial oblations
102. The sacrificial chants
103. The gift describing chapter
104. The amulet chain for blessings
105. The result for the propitiation manner for planets
106. The origin of planets
107. The birth etc. of stars and planets
108. The birth of Pruthu
109. The coronation ceremony etc. of Pruthu
110. The dynasty of Daksha
111. The race of Bhrugu
112. The family lineage of Angira
113. The family race of atri
114. The families belonging to Vishvamitra
115. The family race of Kashyapa
116. The race of Vasistha
117. The dynasty of Parashara
118. The family of Agastya
119. The dynasty of Dharma
120. The birth of Aditya
121. The race of Diti
122. The eulogy of Fire
123. The eulogy of Wind
124. Looking at lord Narayana
125. The killing of kalanemi
126. The appearance of Varaha in the lower region
127. The birth of Maruts
128. The creations of Kashyapa
129. The creation of Urvashi
130. The dialogue between Uravashi and rambha
131. The descend in pleasure garden
132. The description of moon rise in the garden
133. The union of Urvashi with Purooravas
134. The description of the enjoyment of Urvashi
135. Puroorava's lamentations
136. The origin of three sacred fires
137. The attainment of heaven by Purroravas
138. The decision about stay in heaven or hell
139. The origin of the Sharddha rite
140. Explanation about Shraddha
141. The interpretations of offering oblations at Sharaddha Ceremony
142. The description of Sharddha time
143. The discrimination to discern the deserved and unreserved
144. Proclaiming Shraddha places
145. The description of the Ashoonya Shyana Dvitiya
146. The characteristics of the bull
147. The setting free of the bull
148. The Going of the king of Madra Country to the penance grove
149 The description of the river Iravati
150. The description of the mountain Himavan
151. The description of the hermitage of the great sage
152. The description of the hermitage
153. The description of playing in water
154. Purooravas sees Atri
155. The description of the roopsatra
156. The arrival of Purooravas to his own country
157. The rite related to the Kingdom
158. The description of the Kama dwadashi
159. The sacred percept related to the twelfth day in the bright half of months
160. The percept related with the twelfth in every dark of the months.
161. The euology of the twelfth day united with Shravana
162. The exalted merits of Shravana dvadashi
163. The euology of Tiladvadashi
164. The euology of Tiladvadashi
165. The majestic grandeur of Gayatri
166. The euology of giving lamps
167. The grand power of lamp giving
168. The description of bringing flowers
169. Narration of the fruit of Aointing
170. The episode of Mandhata
171. The description of the true nature of Purush
172. The description of Lord Vishnu
173. The exalted merits of the Ananta Vrata
174. The worship related to the constellation and the month
175. The deeds of Shakra
176. The description of the first Manvatara
177. The second age of Manu
178. The third age of Manu
179. The description of the fourth Manu
180. The fifth Manvatara
181. The Sixth Chakshush Manvantara
182. The Seventh Vaivasvata Manavatara
183. The age of eighth Sarvana Manu
184. The age of Manu, ninth son of Brahma
185. The age of the tenth Manu, the son of Dharma
186. The age of the eleventh Manu
187. The age of the twelfth Manu, a son of Daksha
188. The age of the thirteenth Rauchya Manu
189. The fourteenth Bhautya Manu
190. Many appearance of Vishnu
191. The episode of Shakra and shambarayani
192. The grandeur of Euology
193. The transformation of both the Gandharvas elephant and crocodile
194. The liberation of the chief of Elephant
195. The prayer of Vishnu Panjara
196. The appease of all the calamities
197. The birth of Yakshas
198. Heti's dynasty
199. The birth of Chyavana
200. The dynasty of Praheti
201. The race of Shailoosha
202. Bharata's departure
203. The followers in departure
204. The description of Bharata's departure
205. The description of the Journey(marching)
206. Crossing the Ganga
207. Going to Rajagruha
208. Bharata's entrance into the Royal Palace
209. The War episode
210. The excitement of Gandharvas' Assembly
211. The roarings of the Gandharvas
212. Instructions by Nadayana to Shailoosh
213. The grandeur of Agastya
214. The description of the Ocean
215. God's Journey
216. The March of the demons' army
217. The killing of the demon Mali
218. The entry of the demons into the world under the earth
219. Vishravan legend
220. The attainment of boons by Ravana
221. The victory of Ravan
222. The victory over the heaven
223. (Incomplete)
224. (Missing : the text)
225. The burning down : the collection of three cities
226. The victory made over the Andhaka
227. The remedies for the adverse effects of divine mothers
228. The method of worshipping Krittikas
229. The greatness of the Akshaya Tritiya
230. The Narration of Nadayana to Shailoosh
231. The distinguishing marks of planets
232. The remedies for annoyance from Planets
233. The killing of Mahisha
234. The ruin of the sacrifice
235. The destruction of sacrifice of Daksha
236. The tearing of Kala
237. The armour of Vishnu
238. The meeting of Bali and Ravana
239. The manifestation of Maha Purusha to Ravana
240. Spring in Ayodhya
241. Summer in Ayodhya
242. Rama's instructions given to Shatrughna
243. The description of the Rainy Season
244. The description of the autumnal Season
245. The description of winter
246. The departure of Shatrughna
247. The killing Lavana
248. The dynasty of Pulaha
249. The narration of the kings in each generation
250. The coronation of Shakra
251. The origin of the elephants
252. The origin of the monkeys
253. The battle between the elephants and monkeys
254. The sending of the Gandharvas
255. The description of the ladies separated from their lovers
256. The lovers separated from their beloveds
257. The description of the enjoyment at night
258. The description of the Gandharva's army
259. The journey of the army of Bharata
260. The disordered war
261. The description of the duel
262. Description of the battle on the third day
263. The description of the fourth day war
264. War between Bharta and Shailoosh on the fifth day
265. Sixth day of the war between Shailoosh and Bharata
266. Killing of Shailoosh
267. The description of the battlefield
268. Lamentations made by the ladies of the gandharvas
269. The Union of Shri Ramchandra and Bharata.

1. Rama's going to Puskara's house
2. Rajaprasamsa
3. Conversation between Markandeya and Vajra in the words of Puskara
4. The characteristics of Samvatsarika
5. The characteristics of the Purohita
6. The characteristics of the Minister
7. Characteristics of the Chief Queen
8. Characteristics of Purusa
9. Characteristics of Women
10. Characteristics of Elephants
11. Characteristics of Horses
12. Characteristics of Camara
13. Traits of an Umbrella
14. Traits of Bhadrasana
15. Characteristics of Jewels
16. Characteristics of Bow and Arrow
17. Characteristics of Swords
18. Fixing the time of the Ablution
19. Pacifying Purandara
20. Characteristics of fire
21. The Ceremony of Coronation
22. The mantras of Coronation
23. Description of the reward of places of Pilgrimage
24. Sahaya Sampatti
25. Behaviour of the Subordinates
26. Wealth in the Castle
27. Agadankaradhyaya
28. Rajaraksavarnana
29. Vastuvidyavarnana
30. Description of Vrksayurveda
31. Description of the glory of worship of Gods
32. Description of the greatness of Brahmins
33. Sadhvimahatmya
34. Duties of Women
35. Laying down of the Worship of Gods by Women
36. Savitri Upakhyana-Entrance in forest
37. Savitri Upakhyana
38. Savitri Upakhyana-Obtainment of second boon
39. Savitri Upakhyana- The benefit of the third Boon
40. Savitri Upakhyana
41. Savitri Upakhyana
42. Gomatividya in Gomatimahatmya
43. Treatment of disease of Cows
44. Gavam Santikarma
45. In praise of Horses
46. Treatment of Horses
47. Santikarmavidhana of Horese
48. In praise of Elephants
49. Diagnosis and Treatment of Elephants
50. Ceremony of Appeasement of Elephants
51. Purusa-Prasamsa
52. Balatnatra
53. Description of the Rohini bath that gives Sons
54. The Vow of Saptami for a Son
55. The Astami Vow for a Son
56. Treatment of Male Diseases
57. Satabhisasnanavarnanam
58. Arogyadvitiya
59. Arogya pratipanna
60. Vow of Healthiness
61. Description of Duties of king
62. Care of Women in the Harem
63. Bhojyakalpana
64. Gandhayukti
65. Duties of a king
66. Adhyaya of Purusakara
67. Samavidhi
68. Performing Bheda
69. Danavidhi
70. In Praise of Danda
71. Rama Vakyadhyaya
72. Levying of Punishment
73. Prayascitta
74. Rahasya Prayascitta
75. Saucavidhi
76. Pretanirharana
77. Preta-Kriya
78. Consolation of Relatives
79. Dravyasuddhi
80. Varanadharma
81. Sankara-Dharma
82. Apad-Dharma
83. Description of the Purvasadhasana
84. Mula-Snanavarnana
85. Description of Samskaras
86. Description of Student-hood
87. Dharmavarnana
88. Snana-Varnana
89. Acara
90. Devakarma
91. Narration of what is to be offered and what not
92. Vaisvadeva Kathanam
93. Bhojanavidhi
94. Acarakathanam
95. Description of the duties of the house-holder
96. Description of the bath in Krttika
97. Description of the rite of Satrunasa
98. Sadharana Snanavarnana
99. Naksatra-Snana-Kathana
100. Abhijit Snana
101. Pustikaraka-Sravana-Snana
102. Janmarksasnana Varnana
103. Barhaspatya-Snana-Varnana
104. Dikpala-Snana Varnana
105. Vinayaka-Snana Varnana
106. Mahesvara-Snana Varnana
107. Nanavidha-Snana Varnana
108. Purushottama Padodaka-Snana
109. Mani-Bandha Varnana
110. Bhagavadanulepana Snana-Varnana
111. Papa-Niscayonama
112. Garbha-Sankranti-Varnana
113. Bhoga-Deha Varnana
114. Sambhava Varnana
115. Sarira-Visaya Varnana
116. Yama-Marga-Varnana
117. Svarga Bhagvarnana
118. Niraya-Gami-Varnana
119. Naraka Yatana Varnana
120. Tiryaga-Yoni-Varnana
121. Naraki-Cihna-Varnana
122. Durgatitarana
123. Krcchraprayascitta Varnana
124. Rgvidhanam
125. Tantra-Vidhana
126. Sama -Vidhi-Kathana
127. The Rituals of the Atharva
128. The magnanimity of Srisukta
129. The magnanimity of Purusasukta
130. Vanaprasthasrama Narrated to Rama
131. The description of the fourth Asrama
132. The description of Santikarma
133. The description of the rituals of Santikarma
134. The description of various calamities
135. The description of pacifying the perversions in the worship
136. The description of fire causing troubles
137. The description of the deformity of the trees binging calamities
138. The description of rain causing calamities
139. The description of the perversion of the reservoirs of water
140. The description of the deformed deliveries of women
141. The description of pacifying the incomplete ones
142. The description of the deformities of the instruments
143. The description of the deformities of the animals and birds causing calamities
144. The pacifying of the calamities
145. The description of the regions provinces of the kingdom
146. The description of the giving Punishment
147. The description of disregard
148. The description of calamities
149. The description of jugglery
150. The description of six qualities
151. Duties occurring everyday
152. The description of the duties during the year
153. The description of the procedure of four months
154. The description of the Flag of Indra
155. The description of the festival of the flag of Sakra
156. The description of the pacifying symptoms of Indra-Dhvaja
157. The description of the praise of Indra
158. The worship of Bhadrakali
159. The description of the Santi called Nirajana 443
160. The description of the chapter on mantras
161. The description of Dhrta-Kambala Santi
162. Samvatsarabhisekadhyaya
163. The description of the omens at the time of marching
164. The description of omens
165. The occasion of the learning of lucky or unlucky marks on the body
166. The description of the branches of the science in Astronomy
167. The Chapter of Jataka
168. The description of instruments
169. Jyotih-Sastra Grahagati
170. The chapter on the lunar date and constellations
171. The chapter about Shadow
172. Lagna-Prakarana
173. The chapter on the rise and setting
174. The doctrine pronamed by the Grand father -Brahma
175. Fitness for travel
176. The procedure of the marching
177. The attitude towards the enemy
178. The description of the Science of Archery
179. The science of archery
180. The science of Archery
181. Dhanurveda-Vidya-Kathana
182. The description of the knowledge of Archery
183. Dhanurveda Vahana-Sajjikarana

(a) Importance of Visnudharmottara
(b) Origin of Image-making, temple-building and the Interdependence of Arts.
(c) The work, its age and authorship
(d) Visnudharmottara and some of the remain of Ancient Indian Painting and Sculpture.
(e) Interpretations of signs and symbols of the deities.
IAd. 1 (1) Origin of Image making, (2) Interdependence of Arts.
II Ad. 2-17 Varieties of Literature.
Tantragunadosa, Tantrasuddhi. Literary Arts : Chandas, Alamkaras, Prahelika, Mahakavyalaksana, Dvadasaruppa, Sandhis. Nayikas, Rasa. The endings of the Proper Names, Forms of address.
III Ad. 18-19 Music:
Vocal music, Instrumental Music.
IV. Ad. 20-34 Nrttasutra:
 Lying-down postures, sitting postures and seats for different characters, seats, standing postures, Gaits, Gaits expressing sentiments, Movements of Limbs-Head, Neck, Mouth, Chest, Sides, stomach, waist, Thigh, Shank, Foot glances-Rasadrstis. Glances to express sentiments-Movements of Eyelids, Eyeballs, Sight, Eye-brows, Cheeks, Nose, Teeth, Lower lip-Hastabhinaya-Asamyuta Hastas, Samyuta Hastas, Nrttahastas. Mudars-Rahasya Mudra, Significance, Samanya Mudra. Samanyabhinayas. Rasas and Sthayi bhavas, sancaribhavas, Sattvika bhavas. Aharyabhinaya. Rasas-Number of Rasas. The colours of Rasas, Deities of Rasas, Rasas with their Sthayins, Sancari, Sattvika Rasas and their Bhavas. Classification of Rasas.
V. Ad. 35-43. Citrasutra
 Origin of Painting, Nrtta and Citra, Measurements, characteristics of Great, men, Postures, The technique of Painting, Plaster, Manibhumis. Instructions-regarding time and ritual of Painting.Chavis of colours of skin based upon Primary colours, mixing of colours, making of pigments.The classification of Painting. Modes of applying Paint, Critical analysis of Citra. Objects usually depicted in Painting, Citra-Rasas. The place of painting in Arts. Marks of Good and bad painting.
VI. Ad. 44-85 Pratima Laksana
 Images and their worship, Trimurit, Brahma, Visnu, Mahadeva, Agni, Varuna, Kuber, Yma, Grahas, Aditya, Soma, Kumara, Bahadrakali, Ananata, Tumburu, Mahi, Akasa, Byoman, Sarasvati, Laksmi, Manu, Virupaksa, Vayu, Dharma, Vairagya, Narasimha, Varaha, Hayagriva, Sakra, Padmanabha, The two Nasatyas, Visnudhvaja, Vasu, Naranarayana, Linga, Padma, Visvarupa, Samkarsana, Pradyumna, Anuruddha, Tarksya, Miscellaneous god and goddesses, Aiduka.
VII Ad. 86-93 Temple-building
 Material and Sites. Wood, stone, Brick, Vajralepa, Sites. Varieties of Temples-General Characteristics of a temple, Samanyaprasada-laksanam, The hundred temples, Sarvotobhadra, classificaton, Temples and God, Sarvatobhadra and Gods, Benefits of Building a Sarvatobhadra.
VIII Ad. 94-108 Spiritual Significance of Avahana
 Vibodhana, Induction of Deities into images.
IX Ad. 109-118 Rites and rituals
 Various forms of worship, sacrifice and ceremonies connected with the building of temple and installation of images.(1) Devayatra Vidhi(2) Desire and Deity.


The Visnudharmottara Purana is an encyclopedic work of three khandas and dealing not only with various stories, myths and legends but also with varied subjects, viz. cosmology and cosmogony, division of time, pacification of unfavourable planets and stars, omens and portents, genealogies, manners and customs, penances, results of actions, rules about vrata and Sraddha, description and praise of various kinds of donations law and politics, science of war, anatomy, medicine etc.

This work is divided in three khandas according to their subjects. First khanda is related with the pauranika legends and rebirths. The second khanda deals in pauranika ritualism. This is avowedly a Vaisnava work claiming to deal with various duties on the Vaisnavas. It recommends the Pancaratra method of Visnu worship, adds great importance to the due observance of 'Panca-kala'; holds the scriptures of the Panacaratra in high esteem and extols one who honours or makes gifts to those who are versed in these scriptures.

The third Khanda deals with architecture, sculpture, painting, dancing and music, the basic topics of Fine Arts in a very comprehensive and systematic way that one can call it a complete treatise on the Fine Arts of ancient India.




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