This book represents a highly original philosophical reconstruction of the core of the Buddha’s teaching, “Four Noble Truths”, as interpreted by Egon Bondy (real name Zbynek Fišer), one of the most prominent Czech philosophers of the twentieth century. Bondy, with indisputable academic erudition, complexly analyses the Four Noble Truths from historical, ontological, epistemological and ethical perspectives, showing that the Buddha’s teachings offer a highly stimulating and valuable intellectual contribution to the contemporary world. Bondy’s extensive body of work also includes a History of Indian Philosophy and a History of Chinese Philosophy, both of which are highly respected by Czech scholars, and a co-authored translation of the Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu. His opus magnum The Consolation of Ontology: On the Substantial and Nonsubstantial Models is already available in English translation. With this translation, Bondy’s Buddha has finally been made accessible to readers of English around the world.