This book is about the historical of Santhara/Sallekhana, its ethical, philosophical and legal underpinnings and its difference with Suicide and Euthanasia. There are voluntary deaths in other religions but the ritual of death followed by Jains is unique because it is a holy death through fasting, meditation and thinning of passions gradually over the years. For this family and community members give their support and consent. Though this ritual is challenged in court of contention, finally the Supreme Court gave its verdict in favour of it. To establish the actual motive of this ritual, case studies and surveys were conducted.