Child is man’s greatest acquisition, since it provides hope and happiness, especially if the child is beaming with health and vigour. An investment in child development is indeed an investment in human resource development. The imperatives that determine overall development of nation's child wealth have been highlighted in this book. It has estimated that some 241 lakhs of our children below one year, die each year in India and another 15 lakhs die before celebrate their 5th birthday. About 400 children die per hour from diseases that are preventable and manageable. Many more are disabled for life. A bulk of these deaths and disabilities can be prevented by immunization, breast feeding, oral rehydration and other simple measures, which have been described in this book. The parents and others who are involved in child care will find this book useful as a guide to look after the survival, health and management of Children. Administrators and social workers engaged in child welfare and those involved in the education and health sectors will find it a handy reference book.