Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumours. The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of conditions that do not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems. AIDS was first reported on June 5, 1981, AIDS stigma exists around the world in variety of ways, including ostracism, rejection, discrimination and avoidance of HIV infected people; compulsory HIV testing without prior consent or protection of confidentiality; violence against HIV infected individuals or people who are perceived to be infected with HIV; and the quarantine of HIV infected individuals.
The most important way to change risky behaviour is health education. Education itself does not work, only it leads to higher health literacy and general cognitive ability. Education is the best investment; any society can make for the health and well-being of its children, as well as its economic and social progress. Education is development. It creates choices and opportunities for people, reduces the twin burdens of poverty and diseases and gives a stronger voice in society. The book aims to provide the fundamental aspects of education in HIV/AIDS.