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Text Book of Salakya Tantra (Illustrated), Vol.1: Netra Roga (According to Revised Syllabus for B.A.M.S Course by C.C.I.M) / Udaya Shankar (Prof.) (Tr.)
Text Book of Salakya Tantra (Illustrated), Vol.1: Netra Roga (According to Revised Syllabus for B.A.M.S Course by C.C.I.M)
Udaya Shankar (Prof.) (Tr.)
List Price : US$ 64.95
Our Price : US$ 51.96

  Book ID : 35669
  ISBN-10 : 93-81301-04-2 / 9381301042
  ISBN-13 : 978-93-81301-04-3 / 9789381301043
  Place of Publication : Varanasi
  Year of Publication : 2018
  Edition : (Reprint)
  Language : English
  Volume 1: Netra Roga (Ayurvedic Opthalmology) xvi, 744p., Col. & B/W Illus., Bib., Annex., 24 cm. (First Edition pub. in 2012) (Haridas Ayurveda Series No. 31). Volume 2: E.N.T. (Diseases of Ear, Nose, Throat and Oral Cavity) [soon]


Section I : Introduction
1. Nirukti and Paricaya of Salakya Tantra
2. History of Salakya Tantra
3. Netra Racana Sariram (Mandala, Patala, Sandhi, Drsti vicara)
4. Netra Kriya Sariram
5. Netra Pariksa (Examination of Eye: Ancient Methods)
6. Examination of eye (Netra Pariksopayogi Yantra Jnanam)
7. Surgical Instruments (Netra Cikitsopayogi Sastra Jananam)
8. Netra Roga Samprapti (Hetu Purvarupa, Rupa) Classification of Netra Roga: Ancient and Modern

Section II: Netra Cikitsa
9. Ocular Therapeutics
10. Tarpana
11. Putapaka
12. Ascyotana
13. Pariseka (Seka)
14. Anjana
15. Vidalaka and Pindi
16. Pancakarma in Salakya Cikitsa
17. Surgical Procedures
18. Parasurgical Procedures
19. Diagnostic and Therapeutic Pharmacological agents list of figures

Section III: Netra Sandhigata Roga
20. Sandhigata Roga
21. Puyalasa
22. Upanaha
23. Netra Srava
24. Parvani and Alaji
25. Krimi Granthi
26. Epiphora
27. Dacryocysitis, Dacryocystectomy and Dacryocystorhinostomy
28. Pediculosis
29. Blepharitis
30. Cysts and Tumours of Lacrimal Gland

Section IV: Vartmagata Roga
31. Vartma
32. Vatmagata Roga
33. Utsangini
34. Kumbhika
35. Pothaki
36. Vartma Sarkara
37. Vartmavabandha
38. Bahala Vartma
39. Syava Vartma
40. Vartma Kardama
41. Klista Vartma
42. Lagana
43. Anjana Namika
44. Bisa Vartma
45. Arso Vartma
46. Suskarsa
47. Vartma Arbuda
48. Paksma Kopa or Paksmoparodha
49. Klinna Vartma and Aklima Vartma
50. Vatahata Vartma
51. Nimesa
52. Sonitarsa
53. Kukunaka
54. Paksma Sata
55. Diseases of the Eyelids
56. Style and Chalazion
57. Anomolies in the Position of Lid: Trichiasis, Entropion and Ectropion
58. Adhesions of lids Lagophthalmos and Blepharospasm
59. Ptosis
60. Trachoma
61. Lid Growths

Section V: Suklagata Roga
62. Suklagata Roga
63. Arma
64. Suktika
65. Arjuna
66. Pistaka
67. Sirajala
68. Sira Pidaka
69. Balasa Grathita
70. Pterygium and Pinguecula
71. Sub Conjuctival Haemorrhage
72. Conjuctival Xerosis
73. Scleritis
74. Episcleritis
75. Cysts and Tumours

Section VI: Krsnagata Roga
76. Krisnagata Roga
77. Savrana Sukla
78. Avrana Sukla
79. Ajakajata
80. Aksinpakatyaya
81. Sira Sukla
82. Cornea and its diseases
83. Cornela Ulcer (Keratititis)
84. Corneal Opacity
85. Staphyloma
86. Vascularisation and Degenerations
87. Diseases of Uveal Tract

Section VII: Sarvagata Roga
88. Sarvagata Roga
89. Abhisyanda
90. Adhimantha
91. Anyato Vata
92. Vata paryaya
93. Amladhyusita
94. Aksipaka
95. Sirotpata
96. Sira Harsa
97. Conjuctivitis
98. Glaucoma
99. Pan Ophthalmitis
100. Dry Eye Syndrome
101. Aupasargika Netra Roga (Occular Manifestation of Infections Diseases)

Section VIII: Drstigata Roga
102. Drstigata Roga
103. Timira
104. Timira Cikitsa
105. Linganasa
106. Ptta Vidagdha Drsti
107. Kapha Vidagdha Drsti and Dosandhya
108. Dhmadarsa and Hriswajadya
109. Nakulandhya and Gambhirika
110. Errors of refraction
111. Strabysmus
112. Amblyopia
113. Cataract
114. Diseases of Retina
115. Diabetic Retinopathy
116. Hypertensive Retinopathy
117. Retinitis Pigmentosa
118. Central Serous Retinopathy
119. Age Related Macular Degeneration
120. Optic Neuritis and Optic Atrophy
121. Eales Disease
122. Nayanabhigata
123. Ocular injuries

Section IX: Prevention of Blindness
124. Blindness
125. Malnutritional Eye Diseases
126. Eye Banking
127. Artificial Eye and Eye Removal
128. Natural Methods for better eye sight
129. Eye Exercises



Looking back to the pre vedic era we find that the primitive man was terrified by the world around and described diseases as supernatural malevolent forces. The age has perhaps even yet no entirely passed away. As a matter of fact the medical man represents the oldest professional class of which we have record. The oldest surgical operation of which we have evidence is the opening of skull.

There is a mention of revival of the lost eye sight and lost hearing by great physician/surgeons Ashvini Kumaras and Lord Indra in Rigveda the oldest and the first treatise of the world.

This is perhaps the first evidence of flourished medical knowledge and the treatment of the eye and ear diseases of which we have record in the history of human race. Further in the Ken Sutra of Atharvaveda we find the description of sensory organs seven apertures of the skull and location of the eye in the skull. Not only this we find sufficient use of antimony in eye disorders as well.

There is another treatise Netropanishad which speaks about different parts of the eye. Others like Aranyakopanishad tell us the greater details about the anatomy and physiology of eye including blood vessels, iris, pupils, lacrimation eye, lids. Etc.

It is important to note that the era of samhitas gets the credit for preserving shaping organizing Ayurveda as a separate branch. In addition during this period the science of ayurveda has been specified into different sections i.e. Ashtang Ayurveda as such this type of division, has been followed and considered to be necessary by the contemporary medical sciences of the day very recently.

The importance of the development of Shalakya Tantra as a whole was upheld to its maximum when we look into the written documents on the subject, i.e. Videha Tantra, Ninii Tantra, Gargya and (lalava Tantras, as well as, the Satyiki Tantra; who was the first to invent the couching system.

To our surprise, the only branch of Ayurveda—Shalakya Tantra could develop a new tradition to mention the disorders affecting individual structures of the eye. Almost all diseases of the eye which we come across today have been described by Sushruta.

Another important fact which Sushruta has indicated for local use in the eye is snake poison-venom and fat as well as flesh and vasa of vulture (Sushruta, Uttar Tantra 17.35) to check the development of cataractltimira in the eye. No other medical system speaks about such type of treatment. Hence, it is a unique and original contribution of Sushruta. Another significant contribution of Sushruta that needs a word of appreciation is the use of spleen and liver as food for the remedy of night blindness. (Sushruta, Uttar Tan u-a 17.24).

Sushruta also speaks about the errors of refraction, but he has not mentioned the use of spectacles. This fact can be taken as a guarantee that all such diseases must have cured with the help of medicines.

Similarly, while describing the surgical procedures in eye diseases, Sushruta mentions trephining for the cure of staphyloma and acute glaucoma.

In addition, it may not be an exaggeration to mention that the description of macula and pupil are in support of an apparatus which Sushruta must have been using to see the interior of the eye.

I am happy to note that Dr. Udaya Shankar, Madikeri has gone through all the literature while writing this book. Further, Dr. Udaya Shankar, being a Post Graduate student of mine. I could see the sincerity and dedication towards his studies and care of the patients.

This work on Shalakya Tantra will definitely be useful to medical students in the U.G. as well as PG. disciplines as will prove to be a good asset to them, who intend to have an understanding of the basic principles of the science and art of Shanakya Tantra. Similarly, this book will be of value for several practitioners in the field of Shalakya as well as those who wish to keep pace with the rapidly advancing knowledge in the diseases of Shalakya Tantra.


Compared to Kaya Chikitsa and Shalya Tantra, this specialty branch Shalakya Tantra seems to be lagging behind in clinical practice. To overcome it Central Council of Indian Medicine has formulated a new syllabus after brain storming sessions. This text book, based on this new syllabus, is intended to provide practical methods of Shalakya Tantra to treat the diseases of head and neck.

Some of the features that make this book distinct are:

• Proper illustrations of eye conditions are necessary than descriptive words. Hence maximum number of color photographs are presented for easy understanding of signs of eye diseases. It is for the first time, color images of most of the Netra rogas of classical texts are provided here.

• Original statements of Bhagawan Nimi (Videha) are scattered in the vast literary sources. They are compiled here to provide a comprehensive view of every eye disease. The teachings of Sushruta, Vagbhata and Nimi and quotations of Parahita Samhita, Kapali netra roga, Chakshusyena, Satyaki tantra etc., are also presented.

• Opinions of commentators like Dalbana, Indu, Arunadatta, Chandranandana, Vijaya rakshita, Adhamalla, Srikanta datta and other scholars are included while discussing the features of the diseases.

• While explaining the local eye treatments like Kriya kalpas, specific drug compounds are reviewed depending upon the ailment.

• Ayurvedic management of new generation diseases like Degenerative pathologies of eye are discussed based on practical experience and views of the contemporary scholars.

• Several clinical study reports are included while describing the treatment of Netra Rogas. As this data is incomplete, I hereby request the researchers to send the summary of their clinical trials, so as to include them in the forthcoming editions of Shalakya Tantra.

• Some of the descriptions in this book are based on the proceedings of the national seminars on Netra Rogas and internet sites. Few images are copied from well known medical sites. I am indebted to all those contributors.




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