Globalization has made a tremendous impact on the lives and activities of women throughout the world over. In India today, globalization has had positive and negative effects on women. Our constitution grants women legal citizenship but they get little respect and standing in this country. Women have equal rights with men. But the male dominant society does not accept this and because of this Indian women especially the disadvantaged women suffer immensely. Women are discriminated everywhere in the family, community and in the society terms of lower wages for equal job, less privilege in education and employment. In the developing country context, globalization has intensified gender-inequality in some countries where it has led to an unprecedented employment opportunity for women. The present edited book aims at explaining the socio-economic conditions of women in the context of globalization in a developing economy framework.