CONTENTS:- Fundamentals of instructional Design: Instructional design; Systems approach to instruction; Educational technology. Instructional objectives and principles for planning: Instructional or behavioural objectives; Principles for planning instructional objectives; Taxonomy of instructional objectives. Planning for Instruction: Instructional planning and learning processes; Characteristics on instructional planning; Stages in classroom planning; Teaching and teacher ehaviour.
Instructional designs provide the scientific basis for the instructional system. It develops the professional skills and efficiency of the teachers in systems planning, organising, operating and evaluating the educational system in which technology plays an important role. Technology involves various strategies and tactics both on software and hardware which are to be adopted by the teacher during teaching-learning processes to focus on effective students' learning. Through such updated technology he formulates the instructional objectives during the instructional planning.