CONTENTS:- 1. Opening markets for agriculture; 2. The future of agricultural trade; 3. The Uruguay round and agricultural reform; 4. WTO Agricultural negotiations; 5. Export subsidies; 6. Developing countries and the WTO agricultural negotiations; 7. The Uruguay round agreement on agriculture; 8. Food first; 9. India's food challenge; 10. Food security; 11. Irrigation management; 12. Population growth and cropland; 13. Population growth and gain production; 14. Population growth and meat production; 15. Watershed development programme; 16. Development of sericulture; 17. Solving conflicts over water uses; 18. End of controversy on large Dams?; 19. Controlling the global tobacco epidemic towards a transnational response; 20. A breakthrough in the evolution of large dams?; 21. Water facts and findings on large dams; 22. Trading towards peace; 23. Development: The third way; 24. A new world order for whom?; 25. State trading enterprises; 26. Developing countries and the Uruguay round; 27. The WTO and the developing countries; 28. Rural poverty in India; 29. Economics and sustainable development; 30. Solving the unemployment problem by looking beyond the job; 31. Social summit; 32. Tapping the market; 33. The Trade related intellectual property rights (TRIPS) agreement and the developing countries; 34. What's driving migration?; 35. Crisis prevention.
In the Uruguay round, countries recognized that the long term solution for agriculture did not lie in administered prices, trade restrictions, supply controls, and export subsidies but rather in open, non-distorted markets. It is the time to take bold steps towards bringing agricultural trade into the 21st century by accelerating agricultural trade reform. There are four key areas for accelerating reforms: eliminating export subsidies; increasing market access though substantial tariff cuts and expansion of tariff-rate quotas; cutting further trade-distorting domestic subsidies; and ensuring technical standards are based on sound science. The world's farmers and ranchers are facing two different challenges at the dawn of the 21st century. First, they are being asked to provide more products at lower cost, higher quality, greater variety, and in a safer manner than ever demanded before. Second, they are being asked to provide more products at lower cost, higher quality, greater variety, and in a safer manner than ever demanded before. Second, they are being asked to produce this abundance on a shrinking natural resources base that is often subject to government regulations.