Biotechnology refers to the multi disciplinary scene which seeks to involve the technological application of biological systems living organisms or derivatives thereof to make or modify products or processes for human use. Though the use of biotechnology is not new to humanity yeast being used in alcoholic fermentation as early as 200 BC it is only now in the 21 century that biotechnology has garnered immense clout as a major scientific force to be reckoned with. The present publication is an encyclopaedic work in ten volumes which provides a fascinating introduction to biotechnology one of the world's fastest growing and highest impact industries. It offers a detailed description on the basic concepts of biotechnology nature and use of biotechnologies and modern developments in the field. This work will be a perfect reference source for scientists students teachers and researchers in biotechnology and related fields.