CONTENTS:- Preface. 1. Introduction. 2. Combating political corruption in India. 3. Economic reforms and corruption in China. 4. Politics of corruption in Thailand. 5. Bribery scandals in Japan. 6. Perceptions of corruption in Bangladesh. 7. Electoral corruption in South Korea. 8. The problem of corruption in Nepal. Bibliography. Appendices: 1. Corruption perceptions index. 2. Practical lessons. 3. Legal provisions. 4. Anti corruption policy.
Corruption is one of the greatest challenges of our age--a challenge that must and can be confronted. In the new millennium, we are conscious that corruption, to a greater or lesser extent, poses a threat not only to the environment, human rights, democratic institutions and fundamental rights and freedoms, but it also undermines development and deepens poverty for millions the world over. Fortunately, world-wide concern for improved levels of governance and accountability has never been higher--be it in the public or private sector, or within international or non-governmental organisations. The belief that increased transparency can achieve not only more meaningful levels of accountability, but can do so in a highly cost-effective fashion, is now expressed universally. There is also a widespread recognition that fundamental and enduring changes in attitudes and practices can only be brought about by harnessing the energies of all of the points of a society's triangle of forces--the state, the private sector ands civil society --and not only within countries, but also transnationally. By adopting an holistic approach and by co-opting all the principal actors into the process of anti-corruption reform, a country or community can enhance its capacity to curtail corruption to manageable levels. This book should in a small way contribute to an empowering of leaders within civil society by providing both a rationale for, and examples of, combating corruption. As anti-corruption efforts evolve, it is important to note that this book is a work in progress. It is hoped that constructive criticism will lead to further development of the text and to improvement in the analysis of anti-corruption strategies being evolved around the world.