CONTENTS:- 1. The Urban Setting: A Panorama\Clare Ami 2. City Maps\Klaus Rooter 3. Growth of the City\Rona P.B. Singh 4. Power and Patronage: Bananas in the 18th and 19th Centuries\Sandra B. Fruitage 5. Vestiges of the Past\T.K. Biswas 6. Mosques and Tombs\Klaus Rooter 7. Gnats and Riverside Palaces\Julia A.B. Hegewald 8. Temple Styles\George Michel 9. The Panchakroshi Temple\Niles Gutschow 10. The Maharaja Temple Murals\Perm Shaker Dived 11. Houses and Mansions, Caravanserais and Dharmashalas\Klaus Rooter 12. Wells. Tanks, and Gardens\Klaus Rooter 13. Churches and Civic Monuments: The British Contribution\Christopher W. London 14. Threats and Prospects\Veranda Door 15. Historical Chart, 1300 – 2000 16. General.
This volume of Marg is dedicated to the Physical Environment of Banaras as embodied in an extremely diverse series of historical monuments that overlook the ghats lining the River Ganga or are tucked away in the crowded streets and lanes of the city. Dating from the last eight hundred years or so, these buildings were erected by the Delhi Sultans and their successors, the Mughal Emperors, as well as by Rajput princes and Maratha Kings and queens, and rulers of a local dynasty based at nearby Ramnagar. Wealthy merchants of the city and even officials of the British Government also contributed to the city's architectural legacy. Such intense constructional activity testifies to the sustained prestige of Banaras as the pre-eminent Holy City of India, a reputation that it maintains to the present day. The volume opens with an account of the growth of Banaras over a span of more than 2,000 years, and provides a detailed account of the city in the 18 and 19 centuries, when the majority of the city's noteworthy structures were erected. The following chapters concentrate on different architectural categories: mosques and tombs: ghats and riverside palaces; temples and shrines; houses and mansions; wells, tanks, and gardens; churches and civic monuments. The authors describe representative architectural examples, many of which are illustrated here for the first time. Their chapters are accompanied by a historical chart and a set of city maps locating all the buildings. The volume concludes with a plea for an effective conservation master-plan to preserve this unique architectural heritage for future generations.