This book is being published for those who are interested in growing, processing and trading of medicinal plants as herbal drugs. The importance of medicinal plants in India has been increasingly recognized by agriculturalists and pharmaceuticals, during past two decades. During the past decade, demand for medicinal plants and its products has attracted the worldwide interest, India being the treasure house of biodiversity, accounts for 8000 species which are used in 10,000 herbal drugs. Ninety percent of herbal industry's requirement of raw material is taken out from the forests, resulting in to the ruthless exploitation and destruction of its natural habitats. Thus to take pressure off from natural forest the medicinal plants have been brought under cultivation to enhance their conservation. Cultivation of these precious bio wealth for sustainable utilization is essential. Our knowledge about the medicinal and aromatic plants are still inadequate and need further investigation. This edited book contains most of the aspects related to medicinal and aromatic plants. This book will providing a comprehensive literature on agro-techniques, pest and nutrients management, post harvest practices, active ingredient and its uses, marketing pattern etc which will be really useful for growers and industry people involved in the use of medicinal and aromatic plants.