This book deals with two major controversies relating to India's past. First, it has been asserted by many scholars, both Indian and foreign, that the Sarasvati mentioned in the Rigveda is the Helmand of Afghanistan. The author examines the entire Rigvedic evidence and demonstrates that it goes counter to aforesaid assumption. Second, it has no less vociferously been orchestrated that the Aryans "invaded" India, as a result of which the Harappan Civilization became "extince" The author shows that there is no evidence whatsoever to suggest any invasion, much less by the Aryans. On the contary, there is ample evidence to demonstrate that many of the present-day cultural traits are rooted in the Harappan civilization.