The book provides the geographical ecological and historical backgrounds of Kashmir. The book discusses the drainage system of Kashmir. The author of book also explains the rise of Buddhism in India, and later spread to Kashmir valley. The book provides the compressive knowledge regarding the development of Buddhism in Kashmir. The book provides the pioneer information regarding the works of various scholars like Asvaghosha. The book highlights the fourth Buddhist councils, especially the fourth Buddhist council in Kashmir. The book also explains the philosophy of sarvastivadin school of Buddhism in Kashmir.