PART 1 :
The philosophy of Jainism is the subject of a large body of literature, but a great deal of it consists of standard summary reviews that are not sufficiently accurate to bring out the uniqueness of Jain thought. The core thesis of Jain philosophy is that of anekantavada. Such a rendering by itself fails to get to the unique contribution of the Jain position, which is just that every serious account of the world contains elements of truth, but that any single linguistic expression must fail to comprehend all those patially true perspectives or viewpoints, not because those viewpoints are false, but because the complete truth is not consistently expressible in any natural language, since any such expression must necessarily involve contradictions. The Jain position leads to evident problems in assessing any of the philosophical thesis broached by a Jain-are we to take them as truth-claims, or as merely some among an indefinite incompatible ways of looking at the world? If the latter, how can a Jain saint have or gain knowledge-can he grasp collectively all the indefinite number of true theories? And if the former, what happens to the truths presumed to be contained in each of the incompatible alternative viewpoints?
The works summarized in this volume explore these questions and their possible answers.
PART 2 :
This Volume covers Jaina philosophy from where Volume Ten left off toward the end of the tenth century. It summarizes 355 works of 99 Jain philosophers who lived between 1000 and 1300 A.D. The name of a number of famous Jaina authors are covered in the list along with summaries of many of their works.
Piotr Balcerowiczí article on the Jaina theory of viewpoints or perspective (naya), which introduces this Volume, shows how the most singificant and intriguing Jaina contribution to the Indian philosophical heritage is beyond doubt the theory of the multiple aspects of reality (anekantavada), which is developed into a method of four standpoints (niksepa, nyasa), of sevenfold modal description (saptabhangi, syadvada), and the doctrine of viewpoints (naya), i.e., the sevenfold method of conditionally valid predications. At the same time no other Jaina concept has fanned so much controversy as the idea that one and the same sentence can be either true or false, which seems implied by the admission of the reality of these multiple aspects.
Among the other contributors include Profs. S.C. Dash, A.B. Dhruva, K.W. Folkert, J. Ganeri, M. Govid, H.L. Jain, Sagarmal Jain, Padmanabh S. Jaini, Vidyadhar Johorpurkar, Ratna Lahiri, Amar Muni Maharaj, Suzuko Ohira, Karl H. Potter, Olle Quarnstrom, B.S. Shastri, K.C. Shastri, Y.S. Shastri, Ajita Shekharvijay, E.A. Solomon, A.N. Upadhya, A.S. Vijaya, and Royce Wiles.
Covering Jaina philosophy from where Volume Ten left off toward the end of the tenth century, this Volume covers 355 works of 99 Jain philosophers who lived between 1000 and 1300 A.D. The names of a number of famous Jaina authors are covered in the list along with summaries of many of their works.