Man and woman are both equal and both plays a vital role in the creation and development of their families in a particular and the society in general. Indeed, the struggle for legal equality has been one of the major concerns of the women’s movement all over the world. In India, since long back, women were considered as an oppressed section of the society and they were neglected for centuries. The book attempts to highlight the discrimination against women and removal of discrimination through empowerment of women. Discrimination against women is found in every culture and society in varying degrees. It is manifested in various domains of life and activity: economic, social, political and religious. As a result of gender discrimination, the status of women is subordinate to men and they have little access to education, food, nutrition, health care, employment and wages. Empowerment of women involves the improvement of their status in the family, community and society. It ensures women’s accessibility to modern development facilities and extends their participation in social, economic and political process and decision-making. Efforts have been made by the government to empower women by adopting some legislative measures and development programmes for women. This book will be useful as a good reference volume as it has discussed not only the theoretical aspects but also practical issues at the field level. This will definitely help not only policy makers but also scholars to think seriously about Gender Studies.