Development of Scheduled Tribes in India: Policies and Programmes
Rao, D. Pulla
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Book ID : 41692
ISBN-10 : 81-8387-561-0 / 8183875610
ISBN-13 : 978-81-8387-561-5 / 9788183875615
of Publication :
of Publication :
Edition : (First Edition)
Language : English
xxxiv, 370p., Illus., 23 cm.
The Adivasis (original inhabitants) is the collective name used for the many tribal peoples of India. Officially they are termed “Scheduled Tribes” but this is a legal and constitutional term which differs from state to state and area to area and therefore excludes some groups who might be considered tribal. Adivasis are not an homogenous group — with over 200 tribes speaking over 100 languages, which vary greatly in ethnicity, culture and language; however there are similarities in their way of life and generally perceived inferior position within Indian society. There are over 50 million Adivasis constituting 7.5% of the Indian population, thus making it the largest tribal population in the world. Adivasis are found throughout India but are primarily based in the mountain and hill areas, away from the fertile plains. Over 95% of Scheduled Tribes still live in rural areas and economic exploitation remains their most acute problem. Less than 10% are shifting hunter-gatherers but more than half depend on forest produce for their livelihood, many in the form of the tendu leaf, used for the production of bidis (local cigarettes). There are reservations for the Scheduled Tribes in legislatures in the central and the state governments. The purpose of this book is to uptake the relevant information so that the recent synthesized knowledge becomes easily accessible to research scholars, teachers, students, planners and policy makers, who can utilise it profitably. The experts, scholars, and learned contributors try to provide strategies to be adopted for the use of STs in this regard.