Urban transport is the artery of urban economy which is also an integral part of overall economy. The widespread urbanization has occurred during the post-industrial revolution across the world. The urban transport includes subways, pedestrian footpaths, parking lots, flyovers, roads, railways, metro transport and public transport. In India, railways and roadways are the important modes of transport in the urban centres. The rapid increase of personalized motor vehicles in the last two decades is the major challenge to the sustainable development. In India, about one-third of our population is living in urban areas in 2011. The growth rate of motor vehicles is higher than that of population growth rate and GDP growth rate. As a result, inadequate road surface, poor traffic management, inadequate parking, lack of infrastructure for pedestrians and cyclists, poor public transport services and environmental degradation in urban areas are the major challenges for sustainable transport in urban India.
Against this backdrop, this book discusses the national and local perspectives of sustainable transport in the context of urban development and provides discussion on some of the major issues relating to urban transport in the Indian context. This book is divided into three broad categories viz. i) Sustainable Urban Transport ii) Regional Diversification of Urban Transport and iii) Environmental Implications of Urban Transport, which are sub-divided into 16 chapters besides the introductory chapter. The volume consolidates the views of experts from leading universities and colleges, planners and researchers on Indian urban transport sector. Sustainable urban transport, demand analysis of transport, parking demand, importance of non-motorized transport, inter-city transport issues, urban transport facilities, state transport undertakings, transport policies and environmental aspects are discussed in detail in this book. As this volume deals with various aspects of urban transport sector, it will benefit young researchers, scholars, academicians, planners, policy-makers, administrators and social scientists.