Forest resources decline when their use exceeds their growth. Utilisation of renewable natural resources is often linked with sustenance of man, and utilisation of such resources should be allowed for the extremely poor, people in and around the protected forests, where conservation of biodiversity is contemplated.
Tribols people in and around the forests have been ecosystem people. Their living has been more or less compatible to the ecological processes and in consonance with nature. However, the situation has emerged out to be extremely complex and most of the forests usufructs are siphoned out for economic and commercial purposes to the urban users, through indirect linkage, devastatingly affecting the natural ecosystems. The principal reasons for ecological degradation are greed, consumerism, poverty and above ignorance about understanding the ecosystems.
Resources become valuable only to the extent these are wanted by man, of the entire conservation effort, therefore, rests on the projection of patterns of human wants into the future. Thus, conservation involves the acts of managing forestry resources in such a way that the greatest good of the greatest member of the humanity is benefited in the future.