1. Nature, causes and burden of air and water pollution. 2. Effects of pollution: water, air and soil. 3. Environmental pollution: Its effects on life and its remedies. 4. Environmental conservation and pollution control. 5. Chemical pollution of the aquatic environment by priority pollutants and its control. 6. Environmental pollution control measures. 7. Environmental compliance and enforcement: Rapid assessment. 8. Pollution control in the informal sector. 9. Use of pesticides and their role in environmental pollution. 10. Application of nuclear techniques in environmental studies and pollution control. 11. Environmental degradation and social integration. 12. Economic incentives for environmental protection: integrating theory and practice.
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or non-point source pollution. The Blacksmith Institute issues an annual list of the world's worst polluted places. Pollution became a popular issue after World War II, due to radio-active fallout from atomic warfare and testing.