Serial blasts in Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and the earlier terrorist strikes in Lucknow, Varanasi, Faizabad, Ludhiana, Ajmer and Hyderabad have all sent out a message that the targets of terrorists have widened over the years. During the last few years, the series of violent incidents in Kathua and Pulwama districts in Jammu and Kashmir and the attack on the Swaminarayan temple in Gandhinagar have not only demonstrated the deadly striking capabilities of today's sub continental terrorists, but they have also confirmed that jehadis have declared war against the Indian state. Such attacks, worldwide, have not only exposed the chinks in the armour of security and intelligence networks but they have also robbed the confidence of nations in controlling the menace of terrorism.
The need of the hour is the political will to solve problems that generate terrorism. The states affected by terrorism should open up avenues for a negotiated settlement of disputes and exhibit genuine willingness to resolve long-festering problems. The efforts of the state to maintain security on the face of terrorist threats should go hand in hand with increased devolution of power to the people and greater democratisation of the system of power and administration. This threat can be encountered by training and development of a new mechanism bolstered by a multi-dimensional and multi-layered approach based on checks and balances. The book is an attempt to examine and analyse the genesis and changing nature of the problem of terrorism, its causes and suggest some measures for policy research.