Science and Technology has revolutionized the living standards of human life by the innovative technology and applications. These fields are growing in a fast face and contributing in understanding the scientific base of life. We are experiencing the applications of biotechnology in plant science. Plants are living organisms belonging to the kingdom vary, but as the term is used here, plants include familiar organisms such as trees, flowers, herbs, bushes, grasses, vines, ferns, mosses, and green algae. The group is also called green plants or Viridiplantae in Latin. They obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis using chlorophyll contained in chloroplasts, which gives them their green color. Some plants are parasitic and may not produce normal amounts chlorophyll or photosynthesize apart from this plant cells are with mitochondria as power house.
Over last twenty years, researchers investigating the mitochondria of plants have been astonished by the phenomenal variation these organelles display relative to their fungal and bacterial counterparts. Plant mitochondria have evolved distinct strategies for genome maintenance, genetic decoding, gene regulation and organelle segregation. Their physiological and biochemical functions have similarly evolved to meet the specific demands of photosynthetic organisms routed in place. Unfortunately, making sense of the greater number of variation inherent to plant mitochondria has been a solve process. This has been mae more difficult by the fact that geneticists and Biochemists have traditionally form two distinct and often poorly communicating research groups in mitochondrial biology.
With this small effort we could able to illustrate the entire Power house of the cell and its gene expression, also we attempt to provide perspective to the recent developments in this field.