It is expected that the modern biotechnology will solve many problems arising at the global level. In the 21st century growth and economy of a country will certainly depend on operation of biotechnology. A revolution may occur in some areas like medical and health care, agriculture, industry and environment. DNA finger printing has successfully helped the forensic science in the search of criminals making identity of individuals, solving percentage dispute etc. Human diagnostics and therapeutic drugs have been discovered and commercialized Gene therapy is hoped to solve the problems of genetic diseases. Biotechnology based vaccines are the best as compared to conventional vaccines, and so is the insulin. They have no side effects and pose no risk for the presence of live form of viruses in vaccines. Many transgenic plants and animals have been genetically improved. Now, they are capable of producing new or improved products. The plant biotechnology will reduce the dependence of farmers on pesticides and will help to utilize the new technology. Abatement of pollution using potential micro-organism (i.e., bio remediation) has been used in many countries.