CONTENTS:- 1. Introduction. 2. Context of the study. 3. Review of related literature. 4. Design of the study. 5. Analysis and interpretation of data. 6. Summary and conclusion.
The upliftment of a country is inextricably interwoven with quality of life of its citizens, the literacy rate of the country being a parameter of a qualitative life. The more is the literacy rate the more is the political consciousness of the people. Moreover, quality education leaves behind personality development in its trail. Primary education is the very foundation on which the mansion of Secondary and Higher Education can be erected. Emphasizing Primary Education, article 45 of the Indian constitution is intent on making it more widespread. Among various policies of the Indian government the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is meant for achieving the long cherished goal of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE). This aims at providing useful quality elementary education to all children belonging to the age group of 6-14 years by 2010. The SSA, a recent initiative in Orissa, has been implemented from January 2004. Many teachers have been trained to carry out a variety of Academic activities as per the programme the other schemes prior to this are Operation Blackboard (OB), Non-Formal Education (NFE), Teacher Education (TE), Mahila Samakhya (MS), State Specific Basic Education projects like the Andhra Pradesh Primary Education Project (APPEP), National Support to programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (MDM), District Primary Education Programme (DPEP), Despite all these endeavour hundred per cent literacy in India is an elusive dream--there is still low participation or girls, trials and other disadvantaged groups. still about one lakh habitation in the country lack the facility of educational institution within one kilometer.